ACUPUNCTURE

Acupuncture is a Chinese system of treatment where the diseases of the body are treated by inserting very fine needles into the specific points of the body.

Yin And Yang
Ear
Merdian Points
Merdian Points

About Acupuncture.

The term "acupuncture is derived from the Chinese words-(Acus which means needle and Pungere meaning to prick).It involves the stimulation of anatomical points on the body using a variety of techniques. The acupuncture technique that has been most often studied scientifically involves penetrating the skin with thin, solid, metallic needles that are manipulated by the hands or by electrical stimulation.

Acupuncture Stimulator practiced in China and other Asian countries for thousands of years, acupuncture is one of the key components of Traditional Chinese medicine. In TCM, the body is seen as a delicate balance of two opposing and inseparable forces: Yin and Yang. The concept of two opposing yet complementary forces described in traditional Chinese medicine. Yin represents cold, slow, or passive aspects of the person, while Yang represents hot, excited, or active aspects. A major theory is that health is achieved through balancing yin and yang and disease is caused by an imbalance leading to a blockage in the flow of qi.. . According to TCM, health is achieved by maintaining the body in a "balanced state"; disease is due to an internal imbalance of yin and yang. This imbalance leads to blockage in the flow of qi .In Traditional Chinese medicine, the vital energy or life force proposed to regulate a person's spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical health and to be influenced by the opposing forces of yin and yang. viital energy)travel along pathways known as meridians. Qi can be unblocked, according to TCM, by using acupuncture at certain points on the body that connect with these meridians. There are 14 main channels "or meridians,connecting the body in a weblike interconnecting matrix" of at least 2,000 acupuncture points.

The main meridians are

Paired Meridians

Lung meridian, Large Intestine, Stomach, Spleen, Heart, Pericardium, GallBladder, Kidney, Urinary Bladder,Small Intestine,Triple Warmer and the Liver Meridian.

Unpaired Meridians

The Conceptional Vessel Meridian, The Governing Vessel Meridian

The Extra Meridians

This includes some extra points specific for certain diseases. Other than these meridians we use ear acupuncture points.

PHYSIOLOGY OF ACUPUNCTURE.

When an acupuncture needle is inserted into a traditional acupuncture point, certain nerve fibers are stimulated, which results in a nerve impulse being sent to the spinal cord. Here, endorphogenic cells are stimulated to release endorphins (brain chemicals) such as enkephalin and dynorphin. These substances provide local inhibition (blocking) of the incoming pain signal.

In addition to causing effects in the spinal cord, the nerve impulse produced by the acupuncture needle is also transmitted to the periaqueductal gray area of the mid-brain, where enkephalin is released. Enkephalin, in turn, brings about the release of the monoamine neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrin in the spinal cord. These monoamines play a role in suppressing the transmission of the pain impulse. In addition to its role in reducing pain, serotonin is involved in producing an antidepressant effect in the brain. In fact, many of the newest antidepressant drugs work by prolonging the effect of serotonin in the brain.

A third effect brought about by acupuncture is the release of beta-endorphin and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from the pituitary gland into the bloodstream and cerebrospinal fluid. The endorphins produce system-wide pain relief, remote from the area where the acupuncture needle was inserted. ACTH, in turn, activates the adrenal gland to release cortisol into the bloodstream. Cortisol is a naturally occurring steroid substance that has anti-inflammatory properties.

The net result of these three areas being stimulated is an inhibition of the incoming pain sensation locally, a general, morphinelike, pain-relieving effect throughout the body, an anti-inflammatory effect, and a general sense of improved well-being.

The precise choice of acupuncture points, regarding whether they are near the painful site or farther away, determines which of the three pathways mentioned are primarily activated. Placing needles near the painful site brings about a more intense pain relief, because it activates all three centers (spinal cord, midbrain, and pituitary gland). Local needling also maximizes inhibition of the incoming pain signal at the segmental region of the spinal cord. Needling acupuncture points distant to the painful area predominantly affects the mid-brain and pituitary gland. In general, a combination of local and distant acupuncture points are used together during a treatment, in order to maximize the effects at all three centers.

INDICATIONS

Acupuncture may be useful as an adjunct treatment or an acceptable alternative or be included in a comprehensive management program. These situations are:

addiction

Pstroke rehabilitation

headache

menstrual cramps

tennis elbow

fibromyalgia

myofascial pain

osteoarthritis

low back pain

carpal tunnel syndrome

asthma

migraine

insomnia

paralysis

allergies

sinusitis

bronchial asthma

COMPLICATIONS/SIDE EFFECTS

Generally speaking, acupuncture does not involve too many side effects and / or risks, especially when compared to other forms of therapeutic treatments. General precautions as administered by other physicians, acupuncturists too are required to use sterile needles for all treatments. Some adverse reactions reported in a few cases include bleeding, dizziness etc. Some of the common acupuncture side effects or inconveniences experienced during or after acupuncture are as listed below:

There will continue to be a regular sensation of warmth, tenderness, and tingling when the acupuncture needles reach the acupoint or trigger point.

There could be a possibility of acupuncture needles causing mild bruising and bleeding due to penetrating through minute blood capillaries.

As with any puncture, a slight discoloration at the acupuncture site may occasionally occur. This is temporary and not dangerous.

Forgotten needles.

Decrease in blood pressure